FIRST PETER

Chapter Five

 

 

1 Peter 5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:
2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;
3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.
4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.
6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time:
7 Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.
8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:
9 Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world.
10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you.
11 To him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
12 By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.
13 The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you; and so doth Marcus my son.
14 Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity. Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus. Amen.


Submission and Settling

A.  Elders and their Attitude and Zeal--  Vs. 1-4

1.  Elders are instructed by a leading elder-  Vs. 1
Peter was NOT a Pope.  Elder is not higher than pastor.  Paul appointed elders in all churches-- (Acts 14:21-23)

Discuss, after reading sections, the insert on the Pope and his alleged power and authority.

Titus appointed elders-- (Titus 1:5)

Elders are the highest authority-- Acts 21:17-18; 15:4-6; James 5:14-- Call elders because Apostles were gone.

John calls himself an elder also--  II John 1:1;  III John 1:1.

Human place of dignity in heaven--  Rev. 11:16  Do they rule?  NO!  They lead in worship of the Lamb (19:4)

Psalm 107:31-32--  This is the model-- elders must lead in praise and worship.

2.  An Elder's chief duty--  Feed the flock of God-  Vs. 2

Where did Peter get this teaching?  Cf-  John 21:15-17

Also, Paul instructed elders this way--  Cf-  Acts 20:26-31  Why?  Wolves will attack.

Paul instructed Timothy thus--  Cf- II Tim. 4:2

What is to be fed to the flock?   Answer:  I Peter 2:2; Job 23:12 (How much actual Word did Job have?); Deut. 4:10; Psalm 119:103; Micah 4:2 in Kingdom (Isa 2:2-3).  Feeding on the Word is timeless for God's people.

So an elder who is not learned in the Word of God is a human elder, NOT a spiritual elder.  I Tim. 3:2.

3.  How NOT to take the oversight--  Vs. 2-3

This does not mean that an elder is to be starved--  Cf- I Cor. 9:7

4.  The reward of a faithful elder--  Vs. 4

B.  Those younger than elders--  Vs. 5-9

1.  The younger submit to the elders- vs. 5-6--  The consequences of not submitting?
NOT attack by the pastor-- Rather, God will resist the proud.

When is submission rewarded?  Ans.-  Later. 

2.  All young men, cast your care on the Lord--  vs. 7
Why is this said to young men?  Ans.-  They get up fire and zeal.  Note militia.  Note Hitler.  Note Arafat.
3.  The need for zeal and attention is still there- vs. 8-9
What is the strategy?  Ans. Soberly catch Satan's attack

Resist Satan.  Cf.  James 4:7;  I John 2:14--  This is the work of young Christian men.

So what is the Church full of in this age?  Young wimps who have nothing to say.  Their wives lead.
So, who does the Militia resist?  Government.  Satan is not discerned by the Christian right.
Who does the Reformed movement resist?  The abortionist, while they pour another high ball.

Resisting the right attack, the genuine attack, is urgent.  
Cf.  II Cor. 2:11  We have to know his devices BEFORE the attack.
Story of the customer who attacked the family and the Bible.  She was not after the family, she hated God.

4.  How to rebuke an elder--  Cf- I Tim. 5:1; 5:19  (The former context calls for this discussion here.)

C.  Peter's Prayer for Maturity--  Vs. 10-11  

(Discuss other texts here)
Perfected--  Hebrews 13:20-21-  How is this done?

Stablished--  Romans 1:11-  Work of God

Strengthened--   This word only found here.

Settled--  Ephesians 3:17-18-  In love = comprehend.  Col. 1:21-23

D.  Last Greetings and Signature--  Vs. 12-14

Peter was in Babylon, NOT Rome.  Babylon was still populated sparsely in about 1250 AD. (Get citation)

Vs. 14-  This is not a sloppy kiss on the mouth of cheek as in Western culture.  Was an embrace-- Very discreet.

Feely feely christianettes use this by transliteration and make the church gathering violate I Cor. 7:1-2


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CONCLUSION to I Peter:

The aged Apostle is in this letter passing on the highest authority in the Lord's Church to elders.

He also demands they continue the office of teacher without human lordship.

This is so urgent today!!  It is violated from the Vatican to Fundamental Baptist KJV Only Churches world wide.

Are we willing to obey?