and Government Fraud and Lies that could maim your kids
Scene: Overview and Update
are frequently asked our opinion and position on vaccination in both children
and adults. This lengthy monograph is an attempt to express a minority view and
position that is contrary to current government, public and medical opinion on
whatever position on the vaccination decision one chooses to adopt, we feel the
under riding, most important point is Parental Choice! Therefore, we ardently
believe the best approach to this very controversial subject is to present both
the pro and con, good and bad, known and unknown about immunizations and then
help guide the patient or parents to choose what is best for them or their children.
This is termed "informed consent" and should be the basis of
every medical test or treatment; vaccinations being no exception. Consequently,
our Healing Research Centers honor and respect the patient's or parent's choice
in this matter and will immunize or not immunize accordingly.Any
medical therapy must balance the "effectiveness" versus the "safety"
of its actions on the human body. For instance, aspirin therapy is effective in
preventing a second heart attack after having a first heart attack and it is quite
safe, only having a very small incidence of stomach or intestinal bleeding as
a potential long-term side effect. As you read the following monographs, please
keep these key points in mind in terms of "effectiveness" versus the
"safety" of vaccinations:
evidence does support the effectiveness of immunizations. They do prevent infectious
diseases; some better than others, but this point is not disputed.
evidence does not support the safety of immunizations.
studies on vaccinations are limited to short time periods only: several days to
several weeks. There are NO (NONE!) long-term (months to years) safety studies
on any vaccination or immunization.
is small but increasing scientific evidence of long-term side effects from immunizations
that need much more study.
early August of this year Congressional hearings were held in Washington D.C.
dealing with questions of vaccine safety. Congressman Dan Burton, Chairman of
the U.S. House Government Reform Committee, called the hearings. On the weekend
of October 2nd and 3rd, 1999, an autism conference was held at Cherry Hill, New
Jersey, sponsored by the Autism Research Institute of San Diego, California. Over
l,000 people were in attendance, the great majority of whom were parents of autistic
children. At one point in the meeting, when those parents who thought their child's
autism was caused by vaccines were asked to stand, a large majority of the audience
stood. With these and other indications of growing public concerns about current
childhood immunization programs, it is hoped that this review will be of timely
Proof of Benefit of Vaccines
is true that there may be situations where extreme measures may be justified to
preserve life and health as the lesser of two evils. The basic question, therefore,
is whether the benefits of current childhood vaccines outweigh the harm, or whether
the reverse is true. As to the benefits of vaccines, polio has been eliminated
from the Western Hemisphere; smallpox may have been eliminated worldwide, although
there are disturbing reports that it is still to be found in parts of the Far
proponents would have us believe that vaccines have been largely responsible for
controlling virtually all of the former epidemics of killer diseases in the U.S.A.
With the exceptions cited above, the facts do not bear this out. According to
the records of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, from 1911 to l935 the
four leading causes of childhood deaths from infectious diseases in the U.S.A.
were diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), scarlet fever, and measles.
by l945 the combined death rates from these causes had declined by 95%, before
the implementation of mass immunization programs1.
By far the greatest factors in this decline were sanitation through public health
measures, improved nutrition, better housing with less crowded conditions and
the introduction of antibiotics. Also, the virulence of microorganisms tends to
become weakened or attenuated with the passage of time and serial passages through
one example of which is whooping cough (pertussis) which is clearly a much milder
disease today in Western nations than it was l00 or so years ago3.
should be pointed out that today's children receive 22 or more vaccines before
school age, whereas today's senior citizens received only one, the smallpox vaccine.
Some of these vaccines contain mercury, although the impact of this potentially
toxic metal remains unknown as concerns the vaccines. With growing public concerns
about potential adverse reactions of these heavy burdens of foreign immunologic
materials on the immature immune systems of children, it is reasonable to ask
ourselves what is known about these reactions.
small but growing minority of physicians and scientists are becoming aware that
safety testing for the various vaccines has been woefully inadequate. As one of
many examples, a l994 special committee of the National Academy of Sciences published
a comprehensive review of the safety of the hepatitis B vaccine. When the committee,
which carried the responsibility for determining the safety of vaccines by Congressional
mandate, investigated five possible and plausible adverse effects, they were unable
to come to conclusion for four of them because they found that relevant research
had not been done4.
clear implication of this and other revelations5
concerning a general deficiency of safety testing in the vaccine field, especially
as concerns possible long-term side effects, is that adverse reactions may be
taking place on a large scale without being recognized as to their true nature.
is a school of thought that the so-called minor childhood illnesses of former
times, including measles, mumps, rubella (German measles) and chicken pox), which
entered the body through the mucous membranes, served a necessary and positive
purpose in challenging and strengthening the immune system of these membranes6.
In contrast, so the theory goes, the respective vaccines of these diseases are
injected by needle directly into the system of the child, thereby bypassing the
mucosal immune system. As a result, mucosal immunity remains relatively weak and
stunted in many children, complications of which may be the rapid increase in
asthma and eczema now being seen, both in terms of frequency and severity7.
concept tends to be confirmed by four controlled studies, widely separated geographically,
in which vaccinated children were found to have significantly more atopic disorders
9, 10, 11.
commenting on the increased incidence of asthma and other atopic disorders in
the United Kingdom in the article, "Measles and atopy in guinea-Bissau,"
cited above, the authors made the following comment:
rise of allergic disease among children in the UK over the past 30 years remains
unexplained. One hypothesis is that infections in early childhood prevent allergic
sensitization, and that successive generations of children have lost his protection
as their exposure to infectious disease in early life has declined. Consequently
the prevalence of atopy and concomitant allergic disease has risen."
is true that in former times there were occasional serious complications from
these childhood diseases, but this is an area in which nutritional approaches
and homeopathy traditionally have been at their best. If these approaches were
made widely available, it is probable that most of these complications could be
eliminated. No one wants to see serious complications in our children, but the
vaccine route may in time prove to be the worst possible choice that could have
been made, as concerns the minor childhood diseases.
of Sick Kids?
Loe Fisher heads the National Vaccine Information Center. Fisher's son had a severe
reaction to a DPT shot when he was a toddler. She believes the government-recommended
vaccines are creating a generation of sick kids. "I think we have to look," she
said. "As we have more than tripled the number of vaccines that our children get
as children in the last quarter century, we've seen a simultaneous increase in
chronic disease and disability, a tripling in the number of children who are suffering
with learning disabilities, ADHD, asthma, autism, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis,
inflammatory bowel disease." "We have a lot of kids who are chronically ill now,"
of Brain damage from the Vaccines
the greatest concern with vaccines today rests with their possible causal relation
to the growing epidemic of childhood autism, developmental delay and attention
deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Regarding the latter, recent news item
stated that ADHD has increased from 900,000 in l99l to nearly 5 million today12.
statistics may be open to question, but one cannot question the observations of
veteran elementary school teachers who, in our experience, unanimously and emphatically
report a marked increase in this disorder in recent years. Regarding autism, a
recent survey mandated by the California state legislature found an increase of
273 percent in California in the past eleven years13.
from education departments of several states and reports to the U.S. Congress
on the rapidly increasing needs of classrooms for developmentally delayed children
reflect comparable changes throughout the nation14.
present primary suspicion for this epidemic of neurobehavioral disorders rests
with the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine. Although scientific evidence has
not yet reached the standards of scientific proof, one pioneer researcher in this
area, Dr. Vijendra Singh with the Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan,
has published the report of a study in which he found that a large majority of
autistic children tested had antibodies to brain tissue in the form of antibodies
to myelin basic protein. He also found a strong correlation between myelin basic
protein antibodies and antibodies to measles (almost all of the children had been
immunized with the MMR vaccine, and none had had these diseases)15.
study tends to confirm the results of a similar study published in The Lancet
in l998 by Dr. Andrew Wakefield and coworkers of the Royal Free Hospital in London,
indicating a possible link between MMR vaccination and Crohn's disease of the
bowel and autism16.
the MMR vaccine were causing an autoimmune reaction involving the brains of autistic
children, what would be the mechanism? Although research in this area is in its
infancy, we do know some things. Both the measles and mumps fractions of the MMR
vaccine are cultured in chick embryo tissue. As purely genetic material, viruses
are highly susceptible to the process of "jumping genes," in which they
may incorporate genetic material from tissue in which they are cultured17.
protein sequences in the measles virus have been found to have similarities to
those found in brain tissues18.
a result, once this foreign genetic material is introduced into the child, it
may set in motion an immunologic battleground, a process, which the work of Dr.
Singh would tend to confirm.
similar process may have taken place with the oral (Sabin) polio vaccine, which
is cultured in monkey kidney tissue. Years
ago Dr. John Martin, then serving as director of the viral oncology branch within
the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, found foreign DNA in contemporary polio
vaccines. He later learned that a simian (monkey) cytomegalic virus had been found
in all of the eleven African green monkeys imported for production of the polio
leaving the FDA Dr. Martin took a position as professor of pathology with the
University of Southern California. There he tested blood samples from patients
with chronic fatigue syndrome, autism and other nervous system disorders. This
work led to his discovery of unique cell-destroying viruses that were not recognized
by the immune system. Termed "stealth viruses," some of which he thought
had clearly originated from the simian cytomegalic virus, these viruses were missing
specific genes, which, if expressed, would induce immune responses from the host20,
should be admitted that this work is preliminary. No definitive conclusions can
be drawn from it, but the need for further intensive investigation should be apparent.
in the opinion of many, on June l7, l999 US government officials voted to withdraw
their recommendation for the use of the live oral polio vaccine and to recommend
exclusive use of the inactive (Salk) polio vaccine, because the former has been
the only remaining source of polio cases, though rare, in the USA since l979.
summary, it is possible that either the MMR or the oral polio vaccines, by mechanisms
described above, may induce a process of encephalitis or brain inflammation, which
may be highly prevalent but as yet rarely recognized for its true nature.
Implications of "Live Virus" Vaccines
a letter-to-the-Editor of Science magazine in October l967, Joshua Lederberg,
Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, warned about live-virus
point of fact, we (are practicing) biological engineering on a rather large scale
by use of live viruses in mass immunization campaigns �Crude virus preparations,
such as some in common use at the present time, are also vulnerable to frightful
mishaps of contamination and misidentification.22"
this sobering warning, made over 3 decades ago, it may sadly prove to be prophetic
for what we are seeing today.
May Yet Escalate
another concept, it is highly pertinent that many of today's children are second-generation
vaccines; that is, they are born to mothers previously vaccinated with the measles,
mumps, and/or rubella vaccines. It is possible that the reaction rates in the
second-generation vaccines may be happening on a much large scale due to previous
sensitization of mothers from their vaccines, this sensitization being transmitted
in turn to the fetus during pregnancy23.
If this process is taking place, something we cannot know until appropriate research
is done, there predictably will be additional increases in autism beyond that
already taking place, should the process be continued into yet another, a third
may prove that vaccine programs went awry when they deviated from the most basic
of all medical ethics, the right of parents to accept or reject vaccines for their
children. Freedom-of-choice provides a system of checks and balances now lacking.
At the very least, this would provide the parents the power to compel better safety
screening of vaccines. The remedy? Parents should be allowed the right of informed
consent, or the right to accept or reject vaccines for their children based on
full and uncensored disclosure of pros and cons.
we have a system in which vaccine production by the pharmaceutical companies is
largely self-regulated. Naturally these companies are interested in profits from
their products which, in itself, is not wrong. However, when arbitrary decisions
in the mandating of vaccines are made by government bureaucracies, who are highly
partisan to the pharmaceutical companies, with no recourse open to parents, we
have all the potential ingredients for a tragedy of historical proportions.
aren't the only ones taking a pass on vaccines. Adults are, too. Immunizations
during adulthood are recommended for more than a dozen diseases that people who
don't get vaccinated suffer from or even die from each year.
example, more than 1 million adults get shingles every year but less than 2 percent
get the shingles vaccine. Currently, the CDC recommends all adults get this year's
flu vaccine, which is available now, especially senior citizens and women of childbearing
shot critics argue that it doesn't work, citing an American Medical Association
study that found that three percent of unvaccinated adults got the flu. But two
percent of those who were vaccinated also got it.
a Columbia University study showed getting the flu in the first half of pregnancy
results in three times the risk of schizophrenia for the baby. If the mother gets
the flu in the first 13 weeks, that risk jumps to seven fold. In fact, 14 percent
of all schizophrenia cases are linked to the flu virus in the womb.
the flu while pregnant is also linked to other developmental disorders, like low
IQ. "If you're going to get pregnant or plan on it. make sure you get your flu
shot that year, early," Roizen advised. So when it comes to vaccines, whether
for kids or adults, doctors overwhelmingly agree -- they're not perfect, but we
closing, it may be appropriate to cite an item which, though seemingly small in
itself, may be indicative of the problems with which we are faced. In January
l993 a scientific journal published the results of a study of 89 children with
adverse clinical reactions following administrations of various combinations of
Detailed case histories were taken and blood tests were done to examine various
parameters of cellular and humoral immunity. It was found that children with adverse
reactions had marked increases in abnormal blood parameters as compared with children
who had had no reactions.
first study of its kind as far as we are aware, perhaps the most striking and
significant feature of the report is not the results of the tests, which might
have been anticipated, so much as the fact that it came from a foreign country,
Czechoslovakia. American science has been foremost in the development and promotion
of vaccines. That it should be laggard in basic safety testing, of which this
study may represent one of the modest beginnings, is a sad reflection on the American
scientific community. Do we not have a right to expect better?
Healing Research Center Family, Environmental & Preventive Medicine
Clymer Rd. Quakertown, PA 18951 215-536-1890 800-517-9545 Fax 215-529-9034
Email: email@example.com Web Page- http://www.woodmed.com
would like to begin by telling a little story.
story begins with the FDA which has a little known advisory committee known as
the ACNF - Advisory Committee for Nutritional Food. And their mission is to promote
the most nutritional diet in the interest of the public good. After a period of
study and deliberations, they came up with Recommended Daily Amounts of each type
of food to include at least 3 servings of meat per day, preferably Big Macs, Whoppers
and Chicken Dinners. They've called this optimal diet FAD which stands for Federally
Approved Diet. They have published their FAD diet and other recommendations in
a special government report.
long, your state legislators took note of this official government report and
acting in what they felt was the public's best interest, they passed a law which
made the FAD diet mandatory. And, just to make sure that all citizens follow this
government approved diet, the law mandates that neither you nor your children
can attend school (including college) unless you eat the government's FAD diet.
So, one day
during a class discussion on nutrition your daughter or granddaughter happens
to mention that she and her family are.....VEGETARIANS. Well, within a few days
her parents receive a very threatening letter from school officials which makes
it clear that the little girl will be expelled from school unless her parents
start feeding her the FAD diet. School officials also make it clear that if her
parents are particularly stubborn in refusing to comply with the government-mandated
FAD diet, that Child Protective Services will be called and they will likely take
the little girl away from her parents based on "NUTRITIONAL NEGLECT" of a child.
vegetarians, a very bright and independent thinking group of people, the parents
said "Hey, wait a minute.... this is the United States of America, not communist
China. Government has no right to tell me what I put into my body or into my child's
body." And these inquisitive vegetarians began asking some questions that made
school and government officials very very uncomfortable.
asked "Who are the members of this government advisory committee on nutritional
foods that have advocated that my child eat Big Macs, Whoppers and Chicken Dinners?
And, will you show us the scientific data which supports their conclusions?" "If
this is all being done for the public good, then the public should have the right
to know who is making these decisions that affect everyone and what does the process
entail?" Well, the government bureaucrats did not like this line of questioning
what the vegetarians found out was that the ACNF, the advisory committee on nutritional
foods, was composed of representatives from..... McDonalds, Burger King and Kentucky
Fried Chicken. And, despite their request to see the actual scientific data that
was used to develop this government-mandated FAD diet, the government refused
to give this information to the vegetarians because members of the committee said
that the data contained proprietary, trade secrets that were protected by patent
and could, therefore, not be divulged to the public. It thus became clear to the
vegetarians that there was something very rotten about the government's compulsory
you imagine what this mandatory FAD diet would do for the sales of McDonalds,
Burger King and Kentucky Fried Chicken? A government mandate which would require
people to eat this FAD diet would constitute a guaranteed market, a veritable
goldmine for the purveyors of red and white meat.
THE REAL LIFE STORY
how does a vaccine go from manufactured product to government-mandated vaccination?
it's basically a three step process.
The FDA has an advisory committee called Vaccines and Related Biological Products
Advisory Committee (VRBPAC) that determines if a vaccine will be licensed for
manufacturing or not.
The Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia has an advisory committee
called ACIP, which stands for Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices. They
develop a list of recommended vaccines called the Child Immunization Schedule
- the list of vaccinations they feel should be given to every child in the nation.
State legislatures determine which vaccines will be made mandatory for all children
in their state. In passing these mandatory vaccination laws, state legislatures
typically follow the ACIP's recommendations.
who makes up this vaccination advisory committee?
just like the government FAD diet story above, it turns out that this advisory
committee is mainly composed of representatives from the pharmaceutical companies
that produce the vaccines.
Centers for Disease Control, in fact, routinely grants conflict of interest waivers
to every member of this advisory committee. And, in a Congressional Hearing on
vaccines which was conducted by Representative Dan Burton, one CDC official even
commented that it is good to use the vaccine industry insiders on this official
advisory committee because they are able to vote based on secret drug company
this does is it essentially allows these pharmaceutical companies to own the market
for their product.
their market consists essentially of every resident in the State by law. And,
the public and independent scientists have been refused access to the scientific
data that formed the basis of these government mandates because the drug companies
claim that such disclosure would reveal protected trade secrets. Translation:
the public is not allowed to see the data which purportedly proves the safety
and efficacy of these government mandated vaccines.
think you can hear the underlying theme playing in the background here: The "trust
us, we're from the government and we're here to help you" which really translates
to "We're from the government, we're a whole lot smarter than you are and we can
determine what is best for you better than you can." It's a very arrogant but
typical attitude of many government bureaucrats.
in the Dark Attempts
at eradicating infectious diseases are putting our children at risk As published
in The Next City By Barbara Loe Fisher, co-founder and president of
the National Vaccine Information Center http://www.909shot.com
THE WORLDWIDE ACCEPTANCE
OF MASS VACCINATION TO SUPPRESS INFECTIOUS childhood diseases - once fiercely
resisted - is one of the most successful public relations stories in the history
of medicine. As a result, epidemics of smallpox, which once swept through 18th-
and 19th-century port cities such as Halifax, New York, and Boston without warning
and cut down entire families, are now dry facts relegated to medical books. Images
of children struggling through whooping cough, walking down the street coughing
spasmodically, and stopping at curbs to spit up sticky mucus are only fading memories
for grandparents alive to talk about what their parents told them. Baby boomers
and their parents still remember lining up in school in 1955 for polio vaccinations,
with the hope that this magic bullet would keep them out of the dreaded iron lung.
vaccination has dramatically suppressed childhood diseases. In Canada, recorded
diphtheria cases dropped from 9,000 in 1924 to two to five by 1994. When measles
vaccination began in the United States between 1963 and 1965, doctors reported
more than 400,000 cases annually; by 1995, that number had dwindled to 309. Cases
of tetanus are almost unheard of in North America and Europe. Yet the universal
use of vaccines as a worthy goal that prevents needless suffering and that benefits
all mankind has begun to be challenged.
voices of critics are heard in the living rooms of families whose children have
been injured or have died from reactions to routine childhood vaccinations, and
in courtrooms, where parents are suing vaccine makers and challenging mandatory
vaccination laws. In the U.S. Congress, legislators who have heard them have set
up a vaccine injury compensation program. At scientific conferences and in the
pages of prestigious medical journals, researchers and physicians are risking
their careers by discussing vaccine side effects. On network TV, millions are
watching parents, who say vaccines hurt their children, square off with policy
makers, who say vaccines rarely hurt anyone at all.
the heart of the controversy lies a scientific challenge to the very premise that
mass vaccination with multiple vaccines safely and effectively controls diseases
and improves individual and public health. Simultaneously, ethical and legal arguments
challenge the right of government health officials to force vaccination on everyone.
Wrapped up in this scientific, legal, and political battle are beleaguered pediatricians
losing the trust of parents and a booming pharmaceutical industry with billions
of dollars invested in new vaccine development.
it all began
IN 1796, BRITISH PHYSICIAN EDWARD JENNER, ACTING ON
A HUNCH, SCRAPED cowpox pus onto the arm of an eight-year-old boy. He theorized
that a mild bout of cowpox would prevent a more virulent case of smallpox, and
he was right. The procedure, which he dubbed inoculation, enjoyed limited success
at first. But it failed in Jenner's own 11-month-old son, and bad reactions to
smallpox inoculation, which eventually used lymph from the cow itself, were legendary.
mother in England bitterly complained in 1883 about mandatory vaccination laws
that allowed public health officials to issue summons, threaten parents with imprisonment,
and impose stiff fines for refusing to vaccinate their children. She said, "In
no country has the cry of the mothers been allowed a hearing. They who see and
realize that their children suffer from this practice have never been consulted
as to its initiative or its continuance. If the will of the mothers could be made
potent and effective, this cruel legislation would be at once and universally
19th-century physicians quickly adopted and promoted Jenner's new procedure despite
public protests. Physicians and politicians were desperate for anything that appeared
to keep epidemic pestilences from invading the overcrowded, filthy cities of Europe
and the New World. They failed to realize that eliminating the root causes of
poor health - poverty, malnutrition, water contaminated by human and animal waste,
spoiled food, and industrial air pollution among others - would help prevent the
spread of many diseases.
vaccinations led to burgeoning chemical/pharmaceutical industries in France, Germany,
and Britain. The Pasteur Institute, founded in 1887 by the famed inventor of the
rabies vaccine, eventually created Canada's largest vaccine manufacturer: Pasteur
Mérieux Connaught. Today, vaccinations are big business. In 1995, an international
high-technology research firm, Frost & Sullivan, projected that the worldwide
human vaccine market will increase from $2.9 billion to more than $7 billion by
the year 2001.
health officials in every country assist the industry's growth, often by force
of laws that ensure citizens use about a dozen different viral and bacterial vaccines,
including ones to suppress even generally mild childhood diseases such as chicken
pox. Traditional public health measures - improving sanitation, nutrition, living
conditions, health education, and access to affordable medical care, especially
in underprivileged populations - often take a backseat to achieving a 100 per
cent vaccination rate.
medical doctors consider vaccines their single most important tool in protecting
public health. "Few would question the profound importance of vaccines to
public health," wrote Richard B. Johnston, Jr., MD, medical director of the
March of Dimes and chairman of the Institute of Medicine Vaccine Safety Committee,
in a 1994 National Academy of Sciences report, Adverse Events Associated with
Vaccines. "Not only have deaths from the most common childhood infections
been almost eliminated, but so have the devastating morbidities of diseases like
measles, paralytic polio, and congenital rubella. This revolution has . . . led
to major savings in medical costs and gains in work productivity, as well as to
reductions in deaths and suffering."
BUT CRACKS ARE APPEARING IN THE united front that the
medical establishment has maintained for two centuries. In industrialized countries,
dissatisfied patients and alternative health care proponents are questioning orthodox
medicine's basic foundations, especially its heavy reliance on surgery and synthetic
drugs. The proliferating number of vaccines are just one more target for increasingly
well-educated and Internet-savvy health care consumers, who are wary of the many
magic bullets drug companies promote.
when doctors wanted every child's tonsils out, mothers wonder why doctors now
insist that they should stay in. Where doctors once prescribed antibiotics for
every sore throat, prescription-dependent patients are now being blamed for new
strains of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. A new drug promoted as a lifesaver today
is sometimes pulled off the market tomorrow for killing those who took it. In
the April 15, 1998, issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA),
an analysis of drug side effects found that toxic reactions to correctly prescribed
medications make more than two million Americans seriously ill every year and
kill 106,000, putting drug side effects among the top 10 causes of death in the
United States. Among children, antibiotics and vaccines cause more adverse reactions
than any other prescribed medicines, according to a Canadian study presented at
the annual meeting of the American Academy of Allergy and Asthma in 1998.
K. Knowles and her colleagues at the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto
reviewed Canadian data on more than 1,500 cases of drug reactions between 1985
and 1995. The antibiotics amoxicillan and ampicillin accounted for 24 per cent
of total adverse reactions, with vaccines coming in second at 19 per cent. Baby
boomers wonder what and who to believe.
believe health requires better nutrition, exercise, managing stress, a positive
attitude, and a less intrusive approach. A 1997 study in the Canadian Journal
of Public Health estimated that 15 per cent of Canadians had seen an alternative
therapy practitioner in the preceding 12 months. A 1998 survey in JAMA found 39
million Americans made more than 600 million visits to alternative health care
practitioners in 1997, more than to primary care physicians. The patients paid
most of the $21.2 billion cost themselves because health insurance plans generally
don't reimburse patients for alternative health care. The patients wanted alternative
therapies primarily to "prevent future illness from occurring or to maintain
health and vitality."
the more spiritual concept of achieving better health through better living rather
than through better chemistry, members of the Me generation - who challenged every
institution and social more as teenagers - continue to exercise their counterculture
instincts as adults by asserting their right to make independent health care choices.
Their demand to make vaccination choices puzzles and worries MDs, including some
outspoken alternative health care advocates. Andrew Weil, MD, a respected
leader in the alternative health care movement, defends mass vaccination.
with Richard Moscowitz, MD, in Natural Health magazine in 1997, Weil asserted,
"The debate about immunization could only be going on in a country where
the people are mostly immunized. If people in this country lived with these diseases,
you wouldn't hear them questioning immunization." Moscowitz, a clinician
who specializes in homeopathy, countered, "For us to bombard a newborn baby
with a whole battery of vaccines as, in effect, their very first immunological
experience I think is reckless beyond measure. I would say it borders on the criminal."
ARE SUPPOSED TO fool the body's immune system into producing antibodies to resist
viral and bacterial infection in the same way that actually having the disease
usually produces immunity to future infection. But unlike natural recovery from
many infectious diseases, which stimulates lifetime immunity, vaccines only provide
temporary protection. That's why booster doses are often required.
raises two equally contentious questions. First, is it better to protect children
against infectious diseases early in life through temporary immunity from a vaccine
or are they better off contracting certain contagious infections in childhood
and attaining permanent immunity? Second, do vaccine complications cause more
injury and death than diseases do? Both questions essentially pit trust in human
intervention against trust in nature.
The rise of
asthma and other autoimmune diseases
PHYSICIANS AND PUBLIC HEALTH
OFFICIALS PROMOTING CHILDHOOD vaccination insist that vaccines do not harm the
immune system in any way. They defend the use of vaccines - made in the laboratory
from altered viruses and bacteria as well as chemicals, such as formaldehyde,
mercury, aluminum, monosodium glutamate, sulfites, and antibiotics - as necessary
weapons for shielding vulnerable newborns from the suffering caused by viral and
to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) web site (www.cdc.gov)
learn that "vaccines give your baby's immune system the chance to practice
and make protective antibodies before real germs invade. If left totally to chance,
your baby's first exposure to a disease may be from a germ too strong for your
baby to fight. That's why before parents had vaccines for their children, many
children died from whooping cough, measles, diphtheria and other diseases. Those
same germs exist today, but today's babies are protected by vaccines."
CDC warns that "Immunizations must begin at birth and most vaccinations [be]
completed by age 2. . . . Children under 5 are especially susceptible to disease
because their immune systems have not built up the necessary defenses to fight
YET A GROWING BODY OF SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE SUGGESTS THAT
VACCINES MAY have inadvertently done more than just suppress infectious childhood
diseases. Vaccine critics point out that the increase in autoimmune and neurological
disorders in the past three decades in industrialized countries coincides with
the addition of new vaccines to the childhood vaccination schedule as well as
rapidly increasing vaccination rates.
1964 and 1992, the U.S. added six new vaccines to the mandatory vaccination schedule,
including five doses of live virus polio; two doses of MMR (measles, mumps, and
rubella); four doses of Hib (haemophilus influenzae type b, which is a type of
meningitis); and three doses of hepatitis B vaccine, while more strictly enforcing
existing laws mandating five doses of DPT (diphtheria, pertussis- also known as
whooping cough - and tetanus). Vaccination coverage hepatitis B, and Hib vaccines.
is an autoimmune disorder, an allergic condition that tops the list of chronic
respiratory diseases found in children in Western societies today. A 1997 study
published in Science reported that "the prevalence of asthma in westernized
societies has risen steadily this century, doubling in the last 20 years. Asthma
now affects one child in seven in Great Britain, and in the United States it causes
one-third of pediatric emergency room visits." Another study found that between
1964 and 1980, asthma in children aged six to 11 years increased 50 per cent.
In 1995, the CDC reported that, between 1982 and 1992, asthma increased 52 per
cent for persons between the ages of five and 34 years old, and deaths from asthma
increased 42 per cent.
1978 Canada Health Survey found that only 2.3 per cent of Canadians 15 years and
over reported having asthma. By 1991, its prevalence was at 6 per cent. More than
1.5 million Canadians of all ages suffer from asthma. Even more worrisome, however,
are the findings of a large survey of Canadian school children in 1995-96 that
found a 13 per cent prevalence of asthma. From the early 1970s to the late 1980s,
the number of Canadian patients under 35 years discharged from hospital with a
diagnosis of asthma tripled. The greatest increase has been in children under
four years of age. As in the U.S., asthma deaths in Canada have climbed along
with its increased prevalence.
economic burden is formidable. According to Canada's 1994 National Population
Health Survey, the long-term disability costs associated with asthma, emphysema,
and chronic bronchitis in 1993 totaled $1.8 billion, without counting costs associated
with treating asthma in children under 11 years old. In the U.S., the total cost
of illness related to asthma in 1990 was estimated at $6.2 billion.
public health officials attribute the recorded increases in asthma to better case
diagnoses, more air pollution indoors and outdoors, and smoking, some scientists
find evidence that vaccination and lack of contagious infectious diseases in early
childhood may later encourage the development of asthma and other allergic conditions.
1996, the British medical journal, The Lancet, published Danish and British findings
concerning child health, lung function, and allergy. Noting that the incidence
of early childhood diseases in Britain has fallen this century while those of
allergic diseases such as asthma, hay fever, and eczema rose sharply, the researchers
hypothesized that certain childhood infections, specifically measles, may protect
compared evidence of atopy (allergy) in two groups of young adults, aged 14 to
21, in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa. One group had recovered from measles during
a 1979 epidemic (before the measles vaccine was introduced); the other did not
get measles as children and were later vaccinated.
researchers confirmed their hypothesis: About 26 per cent of the vaccinated young
adults had allergic conditions, twice the rate of those who had recovered from
measles. After adjusting for breast-feeding and other variables, they concluded
that their findings may indicate that "measles infection prevents allergic
sensitization." Because this was the first population-based study to relate
reduced allergies to a specific childhood viral infection, they urged further
studies in developing countries, where childhood diseases are still widespread
due to low vaccination rates. Vaccine promoters point out that measles complications
kill one million children annually, mostly in underdeveloped countries. In Guinea-Bissau's
1979 measles epidemic, the case-fatality rate in children under 3 was 25 per cent:
it is better to have asthma for the rest of your life that die from measles.
vaccination critics counter that West Africa's health and living conditions, which
could account for the high death rate, don't apply to Europe and North America,
where toddlers who get measles usually recover without complications. Why not
eliminate poverty, malnutrition, poor sanitation, and substandard medical care
in developing countries so that measles-related death rates come down, as in industrialized
countries even before vaccination? Another study, this time comparing the
prevalence of asthma and other allergic disorders in child populations throughout
the world, appeared in The Lancet in 1998. The authors found that the wealthier,
more developed countries in Western Europe and North America and Australia and
New Zealand had higher incidences of asthma than did the poorer countries in Eastern
Europe, Asia, and Africa.
authors of the 1997 Science article "Asthma: An Epidemic in the Absence of
Infection?" tentatively answered yes to their own question, concluding that
"childhood infections may, therefore, paradoxically protect against asthma."
In a 1997 issue of Epidemiology, New Zealand researchers hypothesized that "it
is theoretically possible that immunization may contribute to the development
of allergic disease." Of 1,265 New Zealanders born in 1977, 23 received no
childhood vaccinations, and none suffered childhood asthma. Among the 1,242 who
got polio and DPT shots, 23 per cent later had episodes of asthma, 23 per cent
had asthma consultations, and 30 per cent had consultations for other allergic
illness. Their conclusion was, "The findings presented here are consistent
with the hypothesis that some component of infant immunization may increase the
risk of developing asthma in childhood."
DIABETES, A CHRONIC AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER THAT DISRUPTS
THE blood's glucose levels, afflicts some 125 million people worldwide. That number
is expected to double by 2025. In the U.S., where 600,000 new cases are diagnosed
every year, the number of diabetics has increased a record threefold since 1958,
to nearly 16 million, and millions more may unknowingly have it. Now the fourth
leading cause of death in the U.S., diabetes can cause blindness, kidney failure,
stroke, and heart disease and lead to amputations. In 1992, the U.S. National
Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases estimated that diabetes
cost the U.S. $45 billion for medical treatment plus $47 billion for lost work
time, disability payments, and premature death. In Canada, the Laboratory Centre
for Disease Control found that the 1993 cost burden of diabetes exceeded $1 billion,
including $565 million in drug, physician, and hospital costs and $559 million
in mortality-related costs.
early as 1949, the medical literature reported that some children injected with
the pertussis vaccine had reduced blood glucose levels. The pertussis vaccine
can cause diabetes in mice. In recent decades, scientists have suggested that
viral infections may be a co-factor in causing diabetes. Because both rubella
and mumps infections have been associated with juvenile diabetes, the introduction
of the live virus vaccines for measles, mumps, and rubella in the 1960s and 1970s
also raised questions about whether live vaccine virus could be a contributing
co-factor to the onset of diabetes.
the May 24, 1996, New Zealand Medical Journal, J. Barthelow Classen, MD, a former
researcher at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the founder and
CEO of Classen Immunotherapies in Baltimore, reported that juvenile diabetes increased
60 per cent following a massive hepatitis B vaccination campaign for babies six
weeks or older in New Zealand from 1988 to 1991. In the October 22, 1997, Infectious
Diseases in Clinical Practice, Classen showed that Finland's incidence of diabetes
increased 147 per cent in children under five after three new vaccines were introduced
in the 1970s, and that diabetes increased 40 per cent in children aged 5 to 9
after the addition of the MMR and Hib vaccines in the 1980s. He concluded that
"the rise in IDDM [juvenile onset diabetes] in the different age groups correlated
with the number of vaccines given."
discounts the conclusions of many vaccine safety trials, especially 48-hour or
several-day vaccine reaction follow-ups, which can miss the development of autoimmune
dysfunction that can take years to develop. According to Classen, "Previous
vaccine trials are flawed because they are not designed to detect associations
between vaccination and autoimmune diseases, such as diabetes. Prospective clinical
trials are needed."
health officials dispute Classen's research, and that of others concerned about
mass vaccination policies. In 1997, U.S. federal health officials did admit that
one of their own studies showed that "the possibility that hepatitis B vaccination,
particularly at older ages, may increase IDDM risk cannot be ruled out and will
require larger more detailed studies." Nevertheless, in 1998, they told the
public in a report written to rebut Classen's findings, "Dr. Classen's results
are not consistent with current scientific thinking and have not been verified
by other researchers. . . . Comparison of diabetes rates between countries with
different vaccination policies also provides weak evidence because many factors,
including different vaccination schedules, may differ by country. Many factors,
including genetic predisposition and a number of possible environmental exposures
unrelated to vaccines, may influence the development of diabetes in different
year, after Classen discussed the possible link between diabetes, certain vaccines,
and the timing of early childhood vaccinations on ABC's World News Tonight, he
was summoned to a closed meeting at Johns Hopkins University chaired by Neal Halsey,
MD, chairman of the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases,
AAP liaison member of the CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices,
and Director of the Institute of Vaccine Safety at Johns Hopkins University. Officials
from NIH, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the CDC, as well as representatives
from several vaccine manufacturers also attended the meeting. There, they criticized
Classen for speaking publicly about his findings. Later, World Health Organization
officials joined U.S. health officials in berating Classen.
Classen and a colleague appealed to vaccine policy makers in a letter published
in the January 16, 1999, British Medical Journal. "We believe that the public
should be fully informed that vaccines, though effective in preventing infections,
may have long-term adverse effects," he said. "An educated public will
probably increasingly demand proper safety studies before widespread immunization.
We believe that the outcome of this decision will be the development of safer
OTHER SCIENTISTS RESEARCHING HEALTH PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH vaccines have
also felt the ire of public health officials. In 1998, an unsuspecting young British
gastroenterologist suddenly found himself in the eye of a hurricane for discovering
a possible connection between the MMR vaccine and autism.
the February 27, 1998, issue of The Lancet, Andrew Wakefield, MD, and 13 colleagues
reported on a new syndrome involving inflammatory bowel disease and autism in
children. Eight out of 12 normal children who developed severe intestinal disorders
soon after an MMR vaccination also became autistic. Previously, five of those
eight children had reacted adversely to vaccinations.
team of British scientists, who had inadvertently stumbled upon the connection
while studying Crohn's disease and other inflammatory bowel dysfunction in children,
emphasized that they had not proved a cause-and-effect relationship. They called
for more studies to investigate whether persistent viral infection, either from
natural disease or live virus vaccines, can lead to central nervous system damage
in some children.
in the same issue of The Lancet, CDC officials Robert Chen, MD, and Frank DeStefano,
MD, charged in an editorial that "vaccine safety concerns such as that reported
by Wakefield and colleagues may snowball" when the public and the media "confuse
association with causality and shun immunization." Other CDC officials discounted
the study's importance, saying that the children's health problems were "coincidental"
and not caused by vaccination.
after, a Reuters newswire story quoted Johns Hopkins's Halsey saying it was "highly
inappropriate" for Wakefield and his colleagues to discuss a possible connection
between the children's health problems and measles or MMR vaccines. Wakefield
was later called before the Medical Research Council where British, U.S., and
WHO health officials criticized his report for unnecessarily scaring the public.
contrast, autism experts defended Wakefield. Bernard Rimland, who has a PhD in
experimental psychology and is founder and director of the Autism Research Institute
in San Diego, said, "It is ludicrous to claim that the link between many
causes of autism and vaccination is just coincidental. Dr. Wakefield's group has
greatly expanded our understanding of one possible mechanism. The blunt truth
is that some children are harmed by vaccinations. Research, not denial, is the
proper response to this report."
Iverson, founder and president of CAN, the Cure Autism Now foundation in Los Angeles,
also took issue at the government-led criticism: "Approximately one-half
of the hundreds of parents who call our office each month report that their child
became autistic shortly after receiving a vaccination. Isn't it the responsibility
of the government to take a pro-active position on behalf of these children rather
than a defensive one?"
incidences of asthma and diabetes, the incidence of autism has climbed dramatically
in the past 30 years. Although the medical literature identified only a handful
of cases in the 1940s, by the mid-1960s, after the DPT vaccine had been widely
used and the measles vaccine introduced, autistic children began flooding doctors'
offices. (Parents in the U.S. and Canada who report vaccine-associated autism
most often mention that their children's autistic behaviors followed DPT or MMR
vaccination.) Today, 1 in 1,000 children are diagnosed as autistic, making autism
more prevalent among children than cancer, multiple sclerosis, or cystic fibrosis.
A recent California study put the figure at 1 in 312 children, a 273 per cent
increase between 1987 and 1998.
Hepatitis B vaccine
takes a hit
CANADIAN PHYSICIANS HAVE ALSO FACED CRITICISM FROM
GOVERNMENT HEALTH officials who dismiss vaccine side effects. Byron Hyde, MD,
chairman of the Ottawa-based Nightingale Research Foundation and an internationally
recognized authority on myalgic encephalomyelitis (chronic fatigue syndrome),
has accumulated data on several hundred cases of serious immune and neurological
dysfunction following hepatitis B vaccination. His first case reports, in the
early 1990s, came from Quebec nurses who reported a constellation of autoimmune
symptoms, including pain, fatigue, and mental dysfunction, and were unable to
a vaccination advocate, spoke out publicly about the side effects in September
1997 at the First International Public Conference on Vaccination sponsored by
the National Vaccine Information Center in Washington, D.C. He told more than
500 parents and doctors that in the early 1990s, both the vaccine manufacturer
and the Canadian health authorities repeatedly rebuffed his requests for an investigation
into signs of demyelinating disease, measurable loss of IQ, loss of stamina, intractable
pain, blindness, skin lesions, and other problems affecting health care workers
following their hepatitis B vaccinations.
of cases later, he has concluded that "almost all of these people who had
adverse reactions after the first immunization, after the second immunization
were individuals who had immunological side effects and who told their physicians,
and the physicians did nothing about it but continued to proceed with immunization.
. . . I think part of the problem is the pharmaceutical companies and the governments
themselves have attempted to say, 'Here, take this sugar pill, it is danger-free,
it is a wonderful thing, it has no risk, no problems,' and doctors have become
lazy and actually believed this dangerous philosophy put out by the pharmaceutical
companies and the governments."
Researchers like Hyde are at the centre of a growing controversy about the
recombinant DNA hepatitis B vaccine licensed in the U.S. in 1986. Although health
officials estimate that more than 300 million people worldwide have chronic hepatitis
B, both Canada and the U.S. have historically had among the world's lowest rates,
even before the vaccine was introduced. Unlike in parts of Asia and Africa, where
the disease often affects 5 to 20 per cent (and sometimes more) of the population,
in Canada and the U.S., less than 1 per cent have hepatitis B, and about 95 per
cent of those infected recover and get permanent immunity. However, health officials
emphasize that those who become chronically infected suffer dire consequences:
poor health, liver disease, and sometimes liver cancer.
whooping cough, a respiratory disease that can kill babies and small children,
which the pertussis vaccine was designed to prevent, hepatitis B is not a childhood
disease. Spread through infected body fluids, primarily blood, it is most prevalent
in high-risk adult populations such as intravenous drug users, prisoners, individuals
with multiple sexual partners, those undergoing blood transfusions, and health
care workers exposed to infected blood. Doctors reported about 10,000 hepatitis
B cases in the U.S. in 1997 with only 306 occurring in children under 14.
only babies at risk are those born to hepatitis B-infected mothers, but because
few hospitals screen pregnant women for hepatitis B infection, in 1991, the CDC
recommended vaccinating all newborns before discharge from the hospital nursery.
The CDC maintains its recommendation despite this 1997 admission: "Hepatitis
B continues to decline in most states primarily because of a decrease in the number
of cases among injecting drug users and, to a lesser extent, because of a decline
in cases associated with both male homosexual practices and heterosexual practices."
touted as almost risk-free, health care workers in the U.S. and Canada were among
the first to get this, the first genetically engineered recombinant DNA vaccine.
Soon after, nurses and doctors in both countries reported postvaccination symptoms
like those described by Hyde, ranging from rashes and fevers that come and go,
debilitating fatigue, muscle weakness, joint pain, and memory loss to paralysis
and death. Many were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis,
lupus, and other autoimmune disorders, although most often they did not suffer
from classic forms of these diseases. As the U.S. passed laws and Canada recommended
children get three vaccine doses or be barred from school, children began to report
the same reactions.
hepatitis B vaccine is also being challenged by Bonnie Dunbar, PhD, professor
of Cell Biology, Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, who has spent most of
her 25-year career in academic and laboratory science in new vaccine development.
After reactions to hepatitis B vaccinations disabled both her brother and a research
assistant, she intensively investigated the vaccine. With several other U.S. scientists,
Dunbar is investigating whether the genetically engineered hepatitis B vaccine
"tricks" the immune systems of genetically susceptible individuals into
attacking their own bodies, causing debilitating autoimmune and brain dysfunction.
Recombinant hepatitis B vaccines contain polypeptide sequences similar to those
present in human brain tissues such as myelin while viral polypeptides can induce
autoimmune diseases resembling multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
drug companies report safety studies that monitored children and adults for only
four or five days after vaccination," said Dunbar. "It takes weeks and
sometimes months for autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis to develop
following vaccination. In fact, a study group on hepatitis B vaccine with members
from the CDC, WHO, NIH, Merck & Co., SmithKline Beecham, Pasteur Mérieux
Connaught, and Pasteur-Merieux, MSD Joint Venture reported that 'a reasonable
time limit to use for the onset of MS postvaccination is about 60 days."
is most critical of the science: "No basic science research to determine
the biological mechanism of vaccine injury or long-term studies into the side
effects of this vaccine have ever been conducted in babies or children. In adults,
only limited follow-up has been carried out in genetically restricted populations."
Dunbar and her colleagues have applied twice for government funding to investigate
the role that genetic factors may play in hepatitis B vaccine reactions or in
vaccine failures. Their goal of identifying high-risk markers to screen susceptible
children and adults out of the mass vaccination program will have to wait. The
NIH has twice turned them down.
continuing reports that the hepatitis B vaccine negatively affects children and
adults, U.S. government officials respond, "there is no confirmed scientific
evidence that hepatitis B vaccine causes chronic illness, including multiple sclerosis,
chronic fatigue syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, or autoimmune disorders. . . .
Surveillance of adverse events in the United States after hepatitis B vaccination
have shown no association between hepatitis B vaccine and the occurrence of serious
adverse events including Guillain-Barre syndrome, transverse myelitis, optic neuritis
CDC insists on vaccinating all newborns and young children on the grounds that
they may act irresponsibly later in life. "While most hepatitis B vaccine
infections occur among older adolescents and young adults, vaccination of persons
in high-risk groups has generally not been a successful public health strategy."
the vaccine manufacturers themselves don't know how long vaccine-induced immunity
will last. Merck & Co. stated in its 1996 product insert, "The duration
of the protective effect of [the vaccine] in healthy vaccines is unknown at present,
and the need for booster doses is not yet defined."
officials have also been on the defensive since last October, when France became
the first country to end hepatitis B vaccine requirements for schoolchildren.
France's health minister acted after numerous reports of arthritis- and multiple
sclerosis-like symptoms. Pending citizen lawsuits against SmithKline Beecham and
Pasteur-Merieux, which make and sell the hepatitis B vaccine, may also have influenced
the French decision. In addition, attorneys representing 15,000 French citizens
are suing government health officials for understating the vaccine's risks and
exaggerating its benefits.
The day after France withdrew the vaccine
mandate, a dismayed World Health Organization stated that "the decision taken
yesterday may lead to loss of public confidence in this vaccine, and decisions
by other countries to suspend or delay introduction of hepatitis B vaccine. .
. . WHO strongly recommends that all countries already using hepatitis B vaccine
as a routine vaccine in their national immunization programs continue to do so,
and that countries not yet using the vaccine begin as soon as possible."
Canadian parents take on the establishment
IN CANADA, THE HEPATITIS B VACCINE CONTROVERSY IS ALSO HEATING UP. Although
only three provinces (Manitoba, Ontario, and New Brunswick) actually mandate vaccines
for school entry, parents can refuse on medical, philosophical, or religious grounds.
Even with these informed consent protections, Mary James, co-founder of the Association
for Vaccine Damaged Children (AVDC) in Winnipeg, points out that "vaccination
is never presented as a choice to parents. Most parents are told that their child
must be vaccinated. Since most parents are not aware of vaccine risks or their
rights, they comply without questioning."
parents were told last year that their children had to get three doses of the
new hepatitis B vaccine, James and her AVDC co-founder Leona Rew fought for a
court injunction to stop the program, arguing that Winnipeg public health officials
were inadequately informing parents of potential risks. Although they lost their
bid to stop the program, members of AVDC joined members of Parents for Informed
Consent and the Eagle Foundation in Winnipeg to raise their objections through
television and radio appearances.
better monitor vaccine risks, the federal government's Laboratory Centre for Disease
Control operates a vaccine reaction reporting system called Vaccine Associated
Adverse Events (VAAE). Although most doctors are not required to report health
problems following vaccination (except in Ontario, where AVDC activists got a
law passed), the system does receive about 4,000 to 5,000 voluntary reports every
year. Laboratory Centre for Disease Control officials stress that these reports
only reflect "any event that is felt to be temporally related to the administration
of an immunization but not necessarily absolutely causally related." They
state, "Over 12 million doses of vaccine are distributed every year and very
few concerns arise despite intense searching. Until diseases are eradicated, immunization
remains our best defense."
disagrees: "Doctors and nurses still do not report adverse reactions. We
need a reporting system that has some teeth in it so that doctors are compelled
to do their job and report serious health problems that occur after someone gets
James, whose five-month-old daughter was partially
paralyzed and died in 1984 following two polio vaccinations, and Rew, whose infant
son had bouts of high-pitched screaming and a seizure within hours of a DPT shot,
emphasize that AVDC does not advocate banning vaccines. Says James, "The
vaccines should be available like any other health care product, but parents should
know the risks as well as the benefits and be able to make an informed choice.
Right now, they are just getting one side of the story - the one that the government
and drug companies want everyone to believe."
protest forces acknowledgment
CANADA'S GRASSROOTS MOVEMENT RESEMBLES
ITS U.S. PREDECESSOR. In 1982, a television documentary, DPT: Vaccine Roulette,
prompted a handful of parents, whose children had been injured by or died from
the DPT vaccine, to found an organization known today as the National Vaccine
Information Center (NVIC). Soon after, manufacturers threatened to stop producing
vaccines unless they were immune to lawsuits. Although most vaccine injury lawsuits
were then either won by drug companies or settled on the courthouse steps by weary,
cash-poor parents (with all evidence sealed from public view), plaintiffs had
won large enough punitive damages in the late 1970s and early 1980s to worry vaccine
producers about their liability.
U.S. Congress immediately began writing legislation for a vaccine injury compensation
system and asked physician organizations, vaccine manufacturers, and the co-founders
of NVIC to present their concerns. The physicians and manufacturers wanted Congress
to remove all liability and to guarantee protection from lawsuits for vaccine
injury and death. Congress's final decision required parents to first file for
federal compensation by suing the secretary of the Department of Health and Human
Services. But parents won the right to sue vaccine manufacturers or negligent
physicians if vaccine-injured children were offered too little financial support
for their catastrophic vaccine injuries or were turned down entirely - although
bringing a lawsuit would then be more difficult. Parents also retained the right
to sue for unlimited punitive damages where manufacturers engaged in "fraud
or intentional wrongful withholding of information relating to the safety or efficacy
of the vaccine," or engaged in "other criminal or illegal activity relating
to the safety and effectiveness of vaccines."
health agencies opposed the proposed federal compensation legislation, maintaining
that vaccinated children who developed serious health problems had an "underlying
genetic disorder" or a health problem that would have spontaneously occurred
even without a vaccination. It was only after the book DPT: A Shot in the Dark
(Coulter and Fisher, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985) was published and parents
held public demonstrations at the CDC in Atlanta and in front of the White House
the following year, that President Ronald Reagan signed the National Childhood
Vaccine Injury Act into law in 1986. (Pressure by parents eventually led to the
FDA licensing of a purified pertussis vaccine in 1996, which has been associated
with fewer reactions.)
parents of vaccine-injured children and their lawyers criticize the law's implementation
because three out of four applicants are turned away. With government lawyers
and health officials fighting every claim, more than $1 billion lies idle in a
vaccine injury trust fund. Still, under the act, more than $1 billion has been
paid to 1,000 families whose members, the U.S. Court of Claims in Washington,
D.C., has judged, were harmed by routine vaccinations. The majority of the awards
have been for DPT-vaccine related brain damage or death, with a lesser number
for MMR and polio vaccine reactions. (NVIC's web site, www.909SHOT.com, describes
some of the vaccine injury cases.)
1986 law, which mandated the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the prestigious National
Academy of Sciences (NAS) to review the medical literature for evidence that vaccines
can cause injury and death, was historic societal acknowledgement that vaccines
can be harmful. In 1991 and 1994, NAS published the evidence in three landmark
high-level physician committee examining the medical literature wrote, "the
lack of adequate data regarding many of the adverse events under study was of
major concern. . . . The committee encountered many gaps and limitations in knowledge
bearing directly or indirectly on the safety of vaccines." Nevertheless,
the IOM did find enough scientific evidence to confirm that the DPT vaccine can
cause acute brain inflammation and permanent brain damage that ranges from learning
disorders to severe and profound retardation; the DT (diphtheria and tetanus)
vaccine can cause Guillain-Barre syndrome, including death, as well as brachial
neuritis; the rubella vaccine can cause acute and chronic arthritis; the live
oral polio vaccine can give polio to the person being vaccinated or to someone
who comes into contact with that person's body fluids; and the MMR vaccine can
cause shock as well as a potentially fatal infection from a vaccine strain of
scientific studies did not exist, physician committees could not properly evaluate
a long list of other vaccine-associated health problems, including some of the
chronic autoimmune and neurological disorders - such as diabetes and multiple
sclerosis - at the centre of the vaccine safety controversy. The big news, though,
was that the medical community had told the public that vaccines can injure and
kill. While health officials stressed anew that "the benefits [of vaccines]
outweigh the risks," parents of healthy children better understood the cry
of parents of vaccine-injured children: "When it happens to your child, the
risks are 100 per cent."
the 1986 law, the federal government also set up an improved vaccine reaction
reporting system, which, like Canada's reporting system, depends on physicians'
reports. The U.S. Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System receives between 12,000
and 14,000 reports of hospitalizations, injuries, and deaths following vaccination
every year, but as in Canada, parent groups claim that less than 10 per cent of
doctors report vaccine-associated health problems and that the government does
not adequately follow up.
A matter of law
CANADA, HOWEVER, EVERY U.S. STATE LEGALLY REQUIRES vaccinations, and public health
officials vigorously enforce these laws. Refusing to vaccinate one's children
can result in denial of an education, including enrolment in day care, elementary
school, high school, college, and graduate school; denial of health insurance;
denial of employment; and threatened denial of government benefits for poor children,
including food and medical care. In addition, parents who don't comply with vaccination
laws have been charged with child medical neglect and threatened with having their
children taken from them.
50 states provide a medical exemption to vaccination laws that doctors licensed
to prescribe drugs can write. All but two states allow exemptions for religious
beliefs, but some states require that parents belong to a religion that has a
written tenet opposing vaccination (several state high courts have found this
requirement unconstitutional). Some 16 states provide for philosophical or "personal
belief" exemption, but most parents are unaware of these exemptions and fewer
than 1 per cent in most states exercise them.
American vaccine laws fall under state, rather than federal, jurisdiction, as
soon as the CDC licenses a new vaccine and recommends it for "universal use,"
state health officials automatically make it mandatory. So, while state health
officials only required children to show proof of smallpox vaccination to enter
school in 1949, in 1999, most states require children to be injected with 33 or
34 doses of nine or 10 different vaccines.
system to enforce vaccination
TO ENCOURAGE HIGH VACCINATION RATES,
FEDERAL OFFICIALS GIVE GRANTS and other financial incentives to state health and
education agencies, or withhold them. In 1993, the Clinton administration launched
an "Immunization Initiative," and Congress authorized more than $400
million for states that enforced mandatory vaccination by using social security
numbers to track children from birth. Simultaneously, a grant program rewards
state health departments with up to $100 for each fully vaccinated child.
government eventually plans to link state vaccine tracking systems together to
create a government-operated centralized electronic database monitoring everyone's
medical records, including vaccination status, from birth. One federal proposal
would link a national ID "smartcard" to obtaining a driver's license
and other societal privileges, such as health care or getting a job. Individual
legislators, at both the state and federal levels, have already proposed tax penalties
for citizens who don't fully vaccinate their children.
addition to government grants, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Johnson &
Johnson) has awarded nearly $10 million to states to set up vaccine tracking systems
to enforce vaccine laws. In 1989, Johnson & Johnson joined with Merck &
Co., the U.S. manufacturer of the MMR, chicken pox, and hepatitis B vaccines,
to form Worldwide Consumer Pharmaceuticals Company, with the goal of becoming
"one of the premier worldwide consumer products companies." By 1997,
Merck's vaccine sales had reached $1 billion.
system would eventually become global
A NUMBER OF PRIVATE COMPANIES
AND ORGANIZATIONS ARE ALREADY WORKING with governments around the world to ensure
"the integration and harmonization of immunization registries" through
the promotion, standardization, and acceptance of computerized patient records
systems that would monitor the health status of every citizen.
Children's Vaccine Initiative (CVI), launched in 1990 at the World Summit for
Children in New York City, wants to develop global strategies for "the development
and utilization" of vaccines by all the world's children. Headquartered in
Geneva, CVI receives money from the United Nations Children's Fund, the United
Nations Development Programme, the World Bank, WHO, and the Rockefeller Foundation.
CVI is also financially supported by the world's largest manufacturers and marketers
conform to CVI goals, in 1994, CDC health officials developed a National Vaccine
Plan for the U.S., which "provides a framework in which diverse domestic
and international, public and private-sector activities in immunization and vaccine
development can be effectively coordinated" and "describes the way in
which the United States should promote immunization to protect the health of all
people, including "accelerating the development and use of promising new
and improved vaccine candidates."
An HIV vaccine
IN A FEBRUARY 12, 1997, MEETING OF THE CDC's Advisory
Committee on Immunization Practices, which makes vaccine policy for the U.S.,
committee member Neal Halsey reminded HIV vaccine researchers and developers that
the government plans to target preteens for universal application of an HIV vaccine.
Halsey told them, "One of the things that's happened in the past with vaccines
is that sometimes the manufacturers have developed them and tested them primarily
in an age group or a population which may not be the final target population that
this committee has considered. . . . We really see age 11 to 12 as the target
age for introduction vaccines for prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.
. . . It would be nice if there were studies that were planned in parallel when
you move another step in the direction of actually having a candidate vaccine,
realizing where we think we would want to use universal application of such a
the number of reported AIDS cases in the U.S. continues to drop (about 58,000
in 1997 compared with 103,691 in 1993) and the number of AIDS cases in the Third
World veers out of control, vaccination supporters have accelerated their push
to put an AIDS vaccine on the market. In 1997, President Bill Clinton challenged
scientists and industry to make an AIDS vaccine available within 10 years and
added more money to the yearly $150 million already committed to this purpose.
The U.S. media compared his call to President John F. Kennedy's challenge to American
scientists to put a man on the moon.
least three dozen different experimental HIV vaccine trials are underway in the
U.S., using numerous approaches. Pasteur Mérieux Connaught has created
one vaccine from a weakened, genetically engineered canarypox virus. Researchers
are testing it as an injection, and it also will be swabbed or dripped onto the
genital and urinary tracts and nose and throat. Another experimental vaccine uses
a new strategy based on genetically engineered salmonella bacteria. In 1998, the
Chicago-based International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care called for
use of an experimental live HIV vaccine, although physician advocates admitted
that a live HIV vaccine could theoretically mutate into an AIDS-causing strain.
A report on monkey tests from the 12th World AIDS Conference last July confirmed
that many monkeys or their offspring died or developed AIDS symptoms after receiving
live HIV vaccines.
June, the FDA gave VaxGen, Inc., a San Francisco biotechnology company, permission
to start Phase III human clinical trials of a genetically engineered vaccine containing
recombinant forms of two HIV strains. VaxGen, which "is committed to making
an HIV vaccine for worldwide use," is testing its vaccine on 5,000 volunteers
in Thailand and North America, including cities such as Philadelphia and Los Angeles.
HIV-negative volunteers who get an HIV vaccination in experimental AIDS vaccine
trials will test HIV-antibody-positive for life. In New York City, technicians
now ask those getting blood drawn if they have volunteered in an AIDS vaccine
trial - stark acknowledgement of a new generation of vaccine-induced HIV positives
who, researchers insist, are not HIV infected.
As public health officials
increasingly define disease control in global, rather than national, terms, mass
vaccination proponents and vaccine makers must find ways to finance delivery of
newer and more expensive vaccines to poor countries. They accomplish this by first
making the vaccinations mandatory in rich countries, as HIV vaccine developer
Stanley Plotkin, MD, of Pasteur Mérieux Connaught explained in 1996: "The
keystone of the [global mass vaccination] system is that the research costs [of
drug companies] are recouped in North America and Europe, and the vaccines are
sold in the developing world at much, much lower margins. . . . The relatively
high rate of childhood vaccination seen lately in most parts of the world is the
result of that system."
last year, the CDC illustrated this funding formula by recommending that all American
babies under six months receive three doses of the newly licensed live rotavirus
vaccine for diarrhea. Although a serious health problem in the Third World, where
870,000 babies lacking adequate nutrition or medical care die from dehydration
caused by severe diarrhea every year, most American and Canadian babies fully
recover from bouts with rotavirus and are left with permanent immunity. About
20 to 40 babies die of rotavirus infection in the U.S. every year.
production problems and new epidemics
THE ROTAVIRUS VACCINE, WHICH
WILL cost $40 a shot in the U.S., is the first rhesus-human reassortment vaccine,
created by co-cultivating rhesus monkey rotavirus strains with human rotavirus
strains to create a genetic human-monkey hybrid strain of rotavirus. This production
process, while more sophisticated, recalls the use of rhesus monkeys to produce
the original Salk polio vaccine.
the rush to put a polio vaccine on the market in 1955, polio vaccine pioneer Jonas
Salk unknowingly used rhesus monkey kidney tissues contaminated with monkey viruses.
In the late 1950s, after lab technology advances could screen for monkey viral
contaminants, scientists identified simian virus 40 (the 40th monkey virus identified
in the vaccine). SV40 was found to cause cancer in lab animals in 1959, but by
then, some 98 million American children had already received the vaccine. Today,
Michele Carbone, MD, a molecular pathologist at Chicago's Loyola University Medical
Center, and other researchers around the world are culturing out SV40 from cancerous
brain, bone, and lung tumors in adults and children in an effort to understand
the inexplicable rise of these rare cancers.
they discovered the SV40 contamination, polio vaccine makers in the U.S. switched
from the rhesus monkey to African Green monkey kidney tissues to produce live
polio vaccine. However, African Green monkeys can be infected with simian immunodeficiency
virus (SIV) and not appear sick. In 1992, Walter S. Kyle, whose article "Simian
retroviruses, polio vaccine and origin of AIDS" was published in The Lancet,
hypothesized that SIV contaminated both experimental and general use oral polio
vaccines using African Green monkey kidney tissues. "There could have been
multiple crossovers of the SIV virus from monkeys into the human population at
different points in time where, in humans it took the form of HIV," he wrote.
"This may explain why different populations have been affected at different
times with HIV during the past 30 years" - a time span that correlates perfectly
with the dates that those populations were vaccinated in their respective countries
during different phases of the worldwide polio vaccination campaigns.
the 1996 Eighth Annual Houston Conference on AIDS in America, a retrospective
scientific analysis by California microbiologist Howard B. Urnovitz, PhD, supported
the thesis that SIV, which is highly similar in genetic structure to HIV-2, may
have contaminated experimental live oral polio vaccines. In some African children
given this contaminated vaccine in the Congo between 1957 and 1959, says Urnovitz,
SIV could have recombined with their own normal genes to create the monkey-human
hybrid now known as HIV-1.
is no scientific consensus on HIV's origin. Earlier this year, Beatrice Hahn,
MD, and Anthony Fauci, MD, pointing to chimpanzees that Congolese were slaughtering
and eating, announced that they had solved the mystery. Hahn reported that three
West African chimps were infected with SIV strains that very strongly resembled
three HIV subgroups. Kyle and Urnovitz both challenge these findings. "They
have been eating monkeys in Africa for thousands of years," said Urnovitz.
"Why did HIV only crop up in the late 1950s? The buffet theory of the origins
of HIV just doesn't hold any water. . . . There are many confounding theories
being forwarded, but they all come back to contaminated polio vaccines."
Adds Kyle, "Hahn's discovery could as easily be explained by the fact that
chimps also eat African Green monkeys."
IN 1997, CDC OFFICIAL WALTER ORENSTEIN, MD, TESTIFYING
BEFORE THE U.S. Congress, painted a picture of the future in his annual appeal
for more vaccine funding. "On the horizon are vaccine technologies that would
have been considered science fiction just a decade ago but are now reported at
scientific meetings," he said. "Snippets of synthetic DNA have worked
as experimental vaccines in animals. Edible plants have been bioengineered to
become vaccine factories. . . . Vaccines have been enclosed in microscopic capsules,
permitting them to be released slowly over time."
researchers are seeking $500 million from all the world's governments to create
a genetically engineered "supervaccine" that will be given orally at
birth. This supervaccine - the CDC and CVI call it the "Holy Grail"
- will contain raw DNA from 20 to 30 viruses, parasites, and bacteria that will
insert itself directly into the cells of babies. The vaccine will be time-released
over several months. Disease organisms scheduled to be included in the supervaccine,
many containing multiple strains or types of each virus, bacteria, or parasite,
are pneumonia (three viruses), AIDS (two viruses), dengue haemorrhagic fever (four
viruses), diarrheal disease (several viruses and bacteria), diphtheria, hepatitis,
malaria (two parasites), measles, meningitis (six viruses and bacteria), polio
(three viruses), schistosomiasis (one parasite), tuberculosis, typhoid fever,
all, vaccine manufacturers and U.S. government researchers are developing more
than 150 different viral and bacterial vaccines. A nasal spray flu vaccine targeting
children will be ready by the fall of 2000; adhesive skin patch vaccines and high
technology jet guns will deliver vaccines designed to prevent ear infections,
strep throat, asthma, genital herpes, gonorrhea, stomach ulcers, and even cancer
and the common cold. If the microbe fighters have their way, the "Brave New
World" of the future will truly be infection-free.
will it? In 1993, scientists at the American Society of Microbiology annual meeting
reported that diseases such as tuberculosis, meningitis, and gonorrhea have become
resistant to antibiotics because of their overuse in the past decades. One study
shows that pediatricians are prescribing antibiotics to 44 per cent of children
with common colds. In 1998, evidence of penicillin-resistant strep bacteria caused
worry that more people will suffer or die from severe pneumonia, bacteremia, and
year, a U.S. Public Health Report warned that the overuse of antibiotics in animals,
which transfers resistant microbes from livestock to humans through the food chain,
is producing resistant bacteria, including antibiotic-resistant salmonella, enterococci,
and E. coli. Health officials warn food producers that antibiotics should never
substitute for "inadequate hygiene."
there are signs that viruses and bacteria, eager to survive, may be outsmarting
vaccines. A 1998 British Medical Journal study found that B. pertussis infection
(whooping cough) is occurring in vaccinated populations in the Netherlands, Norway,
and Denmark despite vaccination rates as high as 96 per cent. Among other causes
of the whooping cough outbreaks, scientists have found an increasing incidence
of strains of B. pertussis with a mutated surface protein. Last year, a CDC
study identified eight distinct genotypes of a wild-type measles virus in populations
around the world, possibly because the vaccine put pressure on the virus to mutate.
In January of this year, the CDC reported a 1998 measles outbreak in Alaska in
which 51 per cent of the children had received one or more doses of measles vaccine.
Will health officials add yet another booster dose, as they did during measles
outbreaks in the late 1980s when they realized that one dose failed to do the
the global village gets smaller and smaller, our health officials warn parents
that terrible diseases killing children in the Third World are "just a plane
ride away." The only way to protect yourself and your children, say the doctors,
is to do what we say and use all the vaccines we have created to keep everyone
safe. Yet some parents and doctors, concerned about the future, are looking beyond
the present. "What we forget is that millions of years of evolution have
taken place on this planet, and up until the last 100 years, humans have lived
in relative harmony with microbes. Yes, there have been epidemic infectious diseases
in history, but they have always resolved themselves," said Richard Moscowitz,
MD. "I don't think there is any real appreciation for what we may be doing
by using so many vaccines to try to eradicate so many organisms."
we stay the present course, will mankind be free from infectious disease but crippled
by chronic disease? Will eradication of feared diseases, such as AIDS, through
mass vaccination be one of man's greatest triumphs or will we live in fear of
deadly mutations of microbes that have outsmarted man's attempt to eradicate them?
We may look back at the crossroads we are at today and wish we had decided to
make peace with nature instead of trying to dominate it. Whatever government
and industry decide to do, public support for mass vaccination programs may continue
to erode if public policy precedes science and individual health is dismissed
as less important than the public health. Perhaps the peace we need to make is
not as much with nature, as with ourselves.
L. Health Progress, l935-l945, New York: Metropolitan Life Insurance Company,
l948, Page l2.
CJM, Immunization: History, Ethics Law an Health, Integral Aspects Incorporated,
Windsor, Ontario, l999, pp. 104-l06.
the text,Vaccination, l00 Years of Orthodox Research Shows that Vaccines Represent
a Medical Assault on the Immune System, by Vera Scheibner, Ph.D.,l993, available
from New Atlantean Press, PO Box 9638-925, Santa Fe, NM 87504, pp. 33-46. (The
Swedish experience with pertussis exemplifies the relative mildness of this disease
today in Western nations compared with earlier times. In l979 Sweden banned the
pertussis vaccine because of a return of the disease in fully vaccinated children
and also because of unacceptable side effects, including brain damage. In spite
of this ban, which remains in effect today, Sweden has one of the lowest infant
mortality rates in the world. Pertussis remains mildly endemic in Sweden, but
complications remain uncommon and virtually unchanged since l979.)
KR, CJ Howe, and RB Johnston, Jr., Editors, Adverse Events Associated with Childhood
Vaccines; Evidence Bearing on Causality, Institute of Medicine, National Academy
Press, Washington, DC, l994, pp. 2ll-236.
HE, The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act: A Critique, The Townsend Letter
for Doctors and Patients, Oct. l998, pp. 66-68.
Philip, Supporting children's health,, Alternative Medicine Digest, Issue l9,
survey showed a 46% increase in death rate nationwide from asthma between l977
an l99l (Phildelphia Inquirer, December 8, l994, A22). In some areas, the incidence
of asthma has increased 200% in the past 20 years (The Human Ecologist (National
HEAL), fall l992, (55):6.
SO et al, Measles and atopy in Guinea-Bissau, Lancet, Vol 347, June l9, l996,
MR, Pertussis vaccination and asthma: is there a link? J Am Med Ass'n,, Vol 27l,
l994, pp. 229-23l
JS et al, Atopy in children of families with an anthroposophic lifestyle, Lancet,
Vol 353, May l, l999, pp. l485-l488.
T et al, Is infant immunization a risk factor for childhood asthma or allergy?
Epidemiology, Vol 8(6), Nov. l997:pp. 678-680.
Jennings, Increasing Ritalin doses in school children questioned, The Intelligencer
(newspaper, Doylestown, PA), September 2l, l998, pp. Dl-D2.
in the Population of Persons with Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders
in California's Developmental Services System: l987 through l998, a Report to
the Legislature, March l, l999, Department of Developmental Services, l600 North
Street, Room 240, Sacramento, CA 958l4.
Evaluation and Support Unit, Special Education Division, California Department
of Education. Total Enrollment and Percent of Pupils with Disabilities by
Federal office of Special Education Programs, New Jersey State Department of Education.
Illinois State Board of Education Report (8/20/98). Rhode Island Department
of Elementary and Secondary Education, annual Statistical Reports. Sixteenth
through Twentieth Annual Reports to Congress on the implementation of The Individuals
with Disabilities Education Act, <http://www.ed.gov/offices/OSERS/OSEP/OSEP94-98AnlRpt/>
V & Yang, V. Serological association of measles virus and human herpes virus-6
with brain autoantibodies in autism, Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology,
Vol 88(l):l998, pp. l05-l08.
AJ et al, Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive
developmental disorder in children, The Lancet, Vol 35l, Feb. 29, l998, pp. 637-64l.
S & LK Miller, Effects of serial passage of Autographa California nuclear
poly hedrosis virus in cell culture, Virus Reseach, Vol 7, l987: pp. 335-349.
U et al, Sequence homology between certain viral proteins and proteins related
to encephalomyelitis and neuritis, Science, Vol 29, July l9, l985, pp. 242-284.
Leonard, DMD, MA, MPH, Emerging Viruses, AIDS and Ebola, tetrahedron Publishing
Group, Rockport, MA, l997, pp. 488-493.
WJ et al, African green monkey origin of the atypical cytopathic "stealth
virus" isolated from a patient with chronic fatigue syndrome, Clinical and
Diagnostic Virology,Vol 4, l994, pp. 93-l03.
WJ et al, Stealth virus epidemic in Mohave Valley, I: Initial report of virus
isolation, Pathobiology, Vol 65(l), l997, pp.35l-356.
Joshua, Letter-to-the-Editor, Science, Oct. 20, l967, p. 3l3.
S et al, Dysregulate immune system in children with autism, beneficial effects
of intravenous globulin on autistic features, J of Autism and Developmental Disorders,
Vol 26(4);l996, pp. 439-452. (In this article on page 450 it is stated, "We
theorize that the high titers of rubella antibody�presented in mothers of children
with autism would be transplacentally transferred and may persist for a prolonged
period in the child. When such a child gets MMR immunization, rubella antigen
may complex with preexisting antibodies, and such complexes might play a role
in pathogenesis of autistic features.")
findings in children with abnormal reactions after vaccination, Czechoslovakia
Pediatrics, Vol 48(l), January, l993, pp. 9-l2.
VACCINES MADE FROM
ABORTED BABIES AND ALTERNATIVES
Campaign for Ethical Vaccines (US Information)
British parents strongly opposed to abortion my husband and I were very concerned
to learn that many childhood vaccines are manufactured from the cell lines of
aborted babies. For general information on the use of fetal tissue in vaccine
manufacture, British and International information, see Alternatives
to vaccines made from aborted babies .
have also had an increasing number of queries from other parts of the world, in
particular from the USA, and as a result I have prepared this page of information
for US readers. For more information and to join the campaign to make ethical
vaccines available in the US please go to www.cogforlife.org
made from fetal cell lines commonly used in the US and licensed by the FDA
The following list may not be complete. Please E-mail
me with any other brands that you know of or if any if this information is
out of date.
following vaccines do not use fetal cell lines. L= licensed by FDA UL= not
licensed by FDA (I do not know if it is possible to obtain unlicensed vaccines
in the US. Please E-mail me if you know about this. Also please let me know if
there are any more suitable alternatives and any import companies able to supply
(L) Orimune (L)
Connaught Lerderle Labs
kidney & calf serum Monkey Kidney cells
Switzerland Merck Sharpe & Dohme USA
sharpe & Dohme USA
)(L) RabAvert (PECE) (L)
-Beecham Chirion Bering Gmbl & Co
Monkey Chick embryo
Institute Japan (Kaketsuken)
Osaka, Distributed by Connaught
by CDC For Laboratory Workers and Military
following diseases are bacterial and are made on nutrient solutions and not on
living cells . As no fetal cells are used there is no ethical problem from
a prolife point of veiw .( Whether all vaccines required for school entry are
medically advisable is debatable and not an issue I am covering in this site)
Whooping cough,tetanus,diptheria , bacterial meningitis, typhoid, tuberculosis
and anthrax. Influenza vaccines are usually made on chicken cells although
this is a viral disease.Hepatitis B is grown on yeast cells..
are not sure whether measles and mumps vaccines are available throughout
the USA although one contact in Kentucky has obtained these from Merck. I have
written to Merck to confirm whether they will still supply these vaccines . Both
are from chick cell lines. Please E mail me if you have any information on the
the availability of these vaccines . Please say if you are writing from the USA
and if you wish which state you are from.
law regarding vaccination for school entry
US states require children to be vaccinated for kindergarten, school and college
entry. However exemptions may exist for parents who have a conciencious objection.
I will try to add details of the laws in states as I find out about them.
Consent /German Measles Vaccine
( submitted by Christina Abel RN (Ret.)
the state of Minnesota, children can go to school without being vaccinated. A
notarized signature is all that is required to be in compliance with the 1980
Minnesota immunization law, M.S. 123.70 Subd. 3(d) and in 1989, for post-secondary
students, M.S. 135A.14 Subd. 3(b).
shills of Big Pharma now want to give boys cervical cancer vaccinations. The
logic is, the girls they gave it to are still getting cervical cancer. A nurse
who works with this vaccine told me that the vaccine for cervical cancer is not
a copy of one of the two viruses that cause cervical cancer. It is one of many
other viruses that DO NOT cause cancer. It is 100% a crock, and the Feds know
also produces serious side effects. The same nurse mentioned above told me
of a fellow-nurse whose daughter was given HPV vaccine and lost her voice for
a year. The parents did not even know what it was for until the girl lost her
voice. They were enraged at the school. How stupid can you get? Do you really
believe the public schools care about your kids? They are pushed to get 100% vaccinations
in order to qualify for entitlements, and they would murder to get them. One must
conclude that someone wants to kill off Americans. The head of Monsanto is a One
World New Ager who craves power to reduce the world's population. Go figure. Now
you know-- will you murder your kid? Maybe Mommy and Daddy could get a bit radical,
take a non-PC attitude, and teach the kids that abstinence is the ONLY way to
live safe. Duh !!!!! [ Sorry about the run on sentence- had to keep in on
one bundle ]
SCIENCE CLAIMS AUTISM IS NOT FROM VACCINE. Here are parents who can prove their
child got autistic after receiving vaccinations. Now,
understand this if you are a parent-- If you let your kid receive vaccinations,
you cannot go back. Your kid's auto-immune system will be battling that vaccine
FOR THE REST OF THEIR LIFE. The "experts" never tell you that.
was "vaccinated" by mosquitos in Kenya and Ethiopia when I was growing
up and when my wife and I were missionaries there later. I got malaria after many
years and doses of the malaria "vaccine". I am being tongue in cheek
a bit, but what I got was a live "vaccine". It worked. My system battled
the malaria for years and won. Then, in Ethiopia, we lived where the malaria strain
was much more virulent. I got malaria as a open crisis, and a severe case. Since
then, I have never gotten malaria again. My system has some immunity, but, get
this, in a crisis like a car accident, I could come down with malaria without
a mosquito being anywhere around. My body retains partial immunity to malaria,
but the battle never ends. My blood is deadly to anyone not taking malaria drugs.
When I get sick, I watch for the symptoms of malaria to break out. I know missionaries
who have experienced this very thing. This is how your kid will live for the rest
of their life-- at war.
the worst of it all. The mercury laced into the vaccinations by Big (murder) Pharma
cannot be removed from the body easily, and doctors will not help you. You will
have to go to health and nutritional experts. If you consider these people nothing
but witch doctors, your kid is doomed. You will nurse and lead them around until
you die, and after that your kid will be put into a care facility to die a slow
death. Submission is deadly when the top down goons convince you to sell your
family to big Pharma. And, you are a fool to comply.
don't have to be a Conservative to figure this out.... Robert Kennedy Jr. tells
it like it is
CDC, FDA, BIG PHARMA, AND THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS ARE DESTROYING THE FUTURE WORK FORCE
OF AMERICA. ABORTION HAS ALSO ELIMINATED 70 MILLION.
YOUR KID NEVER GETS VACCINATED, YOUR KID WILL OWN THE WORLD ONE DAY. CAN YOU IMAGINE
HOW VALUABLE A KID WILL BE WHO HAS NOT BEEN MADE BRAIN DEAD?
THE ABOVE BAD NEWS?
YOU AIN'T HEARD NOTHING YET, BUNKIE.....
KID WILL BE YOUR TOTAL BURDEN FOR THE REST OF YOUR LIFE. THEN, WHEN YOU DIE, YOUR
KID WILL BE ADMITTED TO A CARE FACILITY AT ABOUT 55 TO 65 YEARS OF AGE TO SIT
IN A CORNER AND DIE A SLOW DEATH.
THE FEDS WILL LIKELY MAKE A LAW TO EUTH YOUR KID BECAUSE HE WILL BE ONE OF POSSIBLY
70 MILLION AUTISTIC PEOPLE ADDED TO THE EXISTING LOAD OF SENIORS IN NEED OF A
SCHOOL. BRING MOM HOME TO TEACH. MOVE TO A STATE THAT GIVES YOU AN OPT OUT. JOIN
THE AMISH OR SOME CHURCH THAT FORBIDS VACCINATIONS AND GET A STATE APPROVED EXEMPTION.